There are many reasons why India is known around the globe, the primary being its diversity. Ethnic clothing is just one of the things that distinguish one part of India from the other. The craftsmanship with which artisan create Indian clothing has gained immense admirers. The clothing varies from region to region and according to climatic conditions in the nation. Being a tropical nation people have to wear according to the running climate.
The man has learnt to evolve according to his environment since time immemorial. The same concept of evolution applies to different areas, one such area being the art of clothing. In order to achieve a wide range of adaptability, man adopts and modifies the available choices of the pattern of clothing. In India, climatic variations are wide between different parts of the country and, obviously, the patterns of clothing or garments are also different. The eastern, southern and western zone climates are similar and can be recognized as hot-humid tropics.
Garments with a loose covering of the body are the special features of these zones. Northern zone people usually wear a long type of dress, such as the pyjama or salwar and long kurta. Some form of head cover, which is especially common in the north zone, is possibly meant for protecting the head from solar radiation while working outdoors. Obviously, the people of the hilly region wear a long dress which covers the ankles, wrists, and neck, meant only for protection against cold. Thus, the concept of textile development influences the clothing fashion, and the basic designs and patterns of clothing in different parts of the country could possibly be due to adaptation for the environmental variation.
Below are the items of clothing that one would require for different parts of India:
*In Western Himalayas: One will require light clothes from March to October occasional light woolens depending on temperature and heavy woolens for winter. Weather can change rapidly in the mountains. It is therefore very important to be suitably equipped.
*In Northern Plains: One will require lightweight cotton in summer with warmer clothes in winter and on cooler evenings. Must on carrying are raincoats and umbrellas during the monsoons.
*In North East: One will require lightweight cotton clothes. Raincoats and umbrellas are used throughout the year and essentially in monsoons, usually from mid-June to mid-October. Warmer clothes are useful for cooler evenings.
*In West: One will require lightweight cotton clothes throughout the year with warmer clothes for cooler winters. Raincoats and umbrellas to be carried during monsoons.
*In South East: One will require light clothes throughout the year. Warmer clothes are worn in the winter, particularly in the hills.
*In South West: Light clothes to be worn throughout the year with warmer clothes for cooler evenings, particularly in winter. Raincoats and umbrellas to be carried during monsoons.