Bamboo Tissue Culture plants and rural economy

Bamboo tree is most diverse group of plants with fastest growth. They are most important natural and renewable resources in the tropical and subtropical. They being diverse are adaptive to almost all kind of climate.

-Sudhanshu Jha

absMarathwada region of Maharashtra has suffered over exploitation of natural resources. Farmers have been using the same crops as cotton and sugarcane over years. This has led to undernourishment of soil. Moreover, to enhance their productivity, they added chemical fertilizer time to time. These practices have caused depletion in fertility of the soil.

Complete dependency on rainfall, high cost input in seeds, fertilizers and irrigation has rendered farming uneconomic.

Frequent crop failures and farmers being indebted to loans results in loss of their own property as cattle, ornaments, house, land etc. Major dams and various surveys over decades have shown reduction in the quantity of water and lowering of water table. Dams of Nagpur region have water level in range of 35-26% compared to 58% previous year.

The land area covered with crop has shown reduction of more than 1 lakh hectares compared to previous year. Intolerable poverty and hunger pushed farmers and their family into indebtedness and finally committing suicide.

The scenario needs to undergo phenomenal change not only to generate source of income rather a sustainable and dependable source of income. Marathwada region of Maharashtra has suffered over exploitation of natural resources.

Farmers have been using the same crops as cotton and sugarcane over years. This has led to undernourishment of soil. Moreover, to enhance their productivity, they added chemical fertilizer time to time. These practices have caused depletion in fertility of the soil. Complete dependency on rainfall, high cost input in seeds, fertilizers and irrigation has rendered farming uneconomic. Frequent crop failures and farmers being indebted to loans results in loss of their own property as cattle, ornaments, house, land etc. Major dams and various surveys over decades have shown reduction in the quantity of water and lowering of water table. Dams of Nagpur region have water level in range of 35-26% compared to 58% previous year. The land area covered with crop has shown reduction of more than 1 lakh hectares compared to previous year. Intolerable poverty and hunger pushed farmers and their family into indebtedness and finally committing suicide. The scenario needs to undergo phenomenal change not only to generate source of income rather a sustainable and dependable source of income. Bamboo tree is most diverse group of plants with fastest growth. They are most important natural and renewable resources in the tropical and subtropical. They being diverse are adaptive to almost all kind of climate. Bamboos are valued for more than 1500 documented applications.Bamboos are unique in having hundreds of uses from cradle to coffin due to its strength, lightness, smoothness, straightness, roundness, and hollowness, the facility and regularity with which they can be split, availability in different sizes, varying length of their joints, ease with which they can be cut and holes can be madethrough them, their hardness outside, their freedom from any pronounced taste or smell, and their great abundance. Bamboo has been used for eons for many applications, from a food source to a building material.Bamboo has been used through history not only because of the strength of the material, but also through the renewable prospects.  Large scale bamboo can be procured from PTC Lab, TNB College campus, Bhagalpur, Bihar. The lab is well equipped in industrial production of bamboo. The Laboratory has been set up as Forest Productive Unit under Dept. of Environment & Forest, Govt. of Bihar. The brilliant idea of Principal Scientist Dr. Ajoy K Choudhary tuned up making this dream come true. Dr. Choudhary says “After the creation of Jharkhand state, Bihar is left with a 6.87% green cover only causing a drastic change in climate due to human consumption (India State of Forest report, 2009).

Earlier, Bihar used to receive an annual rainfall of 1200 to 1500 mm annually which has now come down to 800 to 1000 mm only for last 11 years. It is believed that bamboos can help man to mitigate global warming as they are one of the fastest growing plants and also they have comparatively better CO2 sequestration abilities. They can fix atmospheric carbon in organic form to soil. Under the “Hariyali Mission (a mission for Green Cover)”, Department of Environment and Forest, Bihar Government is striving to increase green cover by 19% consequent upon which there is a target to plant massive quality bamboo plantlets in wastelands, marginal lands and also in agroforestry.Germplasm has been procured from almost all bamboo centers of India with known identification. Currently, we have 20 known species of bamboo of all purpose.Protocol has been refined for some of the commercially most important species of bamboo. The laboratory has well equipped facilities of in vitro conditions, primary hardening (Green house) and secondary hardening (Net house). I cordially thank Dept. of Env. &Forest, Govt. of Bihar for giving me a chance to serve my state.”

The laboratory is facilitated with :

  • Perfectly insulated culture room.
  •  Purely sterilized zone containing Inoculation and Media room.
  • Well established Media Preparation Room
  • Green House with all latest amenities.
  • 04 Net/ Shade house (60m X 7m each).
  • Germplasm maintained inside the campus.
  • Outdoor washing area.
  • Well-developed bamboo setum.
  • Uninterrupted consistent power supply (separate transformer & Genset)

PTC Lab has standardized protocol for industrial production of commercially most important and fast growing species of bamboo which could boon for Marathwada region. The bamboo can not only be a sustainable source of income for farmers but also help to conserve water, boost nutrients and organic content of soil. Leaf fall from bamboo plant could add humus to the soil making it more fertile. Bamboo plant could of great help in generating bio-fuel for farmers thereby reducing the family needs and cost involved. Dry leaves during summer provide mulching effect thereby reducing humidity loss of soil. Bamboo serves as an asset to any landscape in which it appears. Bamboo helps in restoration of degraded landscape and adapt to risk posed by climate alteration. Its fast growth also helps in building up ecosystem thereby checking soil erosion and water conservation.

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One thought on “Bamboo Tissue Culture plants and rural economy

  1. Really a great work. These work will help India to boost its economy. Large future scope of bamboo tissue culture.

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